Final Self Asessment Draft

9 May

PaigeFrenchResearch_Prospectus

Weekly Blog 10 : This blog demonstrates my growth in self confidence throughout the years.

Weekly Blog 8: This blog expressses my stance on the DuBois vs Washington argument.

Weekly Blog 2: Within this blog I discuss the controversal subject of trust

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pXG38QxXY-s&feature=my_liked_videos&list=LLAPtG9mMScgIoXTjQ8ELnNw

Revised My Stance on Imperialism

3 May

Imperialism is the conquering of a weaker country by one who is stronger.  After many countries were conquered the natives were usually the ones to suffer, while the “bad” guys gained. Natives often became slaves and suffered from a lost of culture and casualties. The conquerors were not seen as very nice or understanding.

I feel as though imperialism is one of the most ridiculous things created by man. In my opinion imperialism is just one of the many forms of slavery. A bigger country comes and takes over a smaller country. I’m quite sure no one wants another person coming in and taking over their things without permission, imperialism is that exact same thing.  In accordance to this there is something called “America’s Big Stick”, where Europeans stayed out of the western hemisphere but also made sure that America stayed secure economically and that their armies were also secure. I felt that this was unfair. America could act as the “big man on campus” but was not able to receive what they dished out. In my opinion America was power hungry and wanted to control everything. Imperialism should have never been implemented.

1st History Proposal

3 May

I plan to research the history of colorism. I will do this by looking at various events throughout history to see what may have been a cause or contributing factor to prejudice within one’s own ethnic group. I will mainly be focusing on colorism within the African-American community. Slavery would be one of the big contributing factors that I will research particularly the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. In order to do such research I will use various articles, speeches, and books.

History Research Paper

3 May

Colorism: Where did it come from? And where is it today?
Colorism is a relatively new term but colorism amongst African-Americans stems as far back as the trans-Atlantic slave trade. It surfaced with the unfair treatment amongst slaves based on their skin tones. Often lighter slave received “special treatment”. Though no aspect of slavery was considered good or nice slaves with lighter complexions began to develop egos. Such “special treatment” also caused a separation among the house Negro and the field Negro.
European countries were beginning to make vast expansions during the fifteenth century around the year 1450. The economy required a great deal of work force and the elites felt as if they were too good to perform such task. This is where they decided to implicate the idea of slavery. They originally decided to use poor Europeans but they were too weak. They were not fit to work in such climates and began to die off from a myriad of diseases. This was not very effective so Europeans and other countries turned to Trans-Atlantic slave trade. The Trans-Atlantic slave trade was the turning point of racial based slavery. At this time Europeans turned to Africans because they were stronger and were used to doing manual labor. They were not just seen as physically strong but strong enough to survive the climates and were not as likely to die from certain diseases. During this three step process the Portuguese……Soon it came to be that if you were black you were a slave.
In addition to this Africans were seen as savage animals. Europeans felt as though they were superior to the whole African race and that they had the right to capture them and take them from their home land to force them to do work.
Colorism simply the act of discrimination within a race or ethnic group. This act is prevalent in society today. The world that many African-American teenagers know today consists of the notion of light-skinned versus dark-skinned. This is ludacris at the end of the day they are all African-Americans no matter where you fall in the color spectrum. Many societies are based on a hierarchy of color where the lighter you are the better. With colorism darker skinned is at a disadvantage when compared to those of a fairer complexion. This is an epidemic amongst African-Americans that is unconsciously installed in many as young children. For example a young girl was asked a serious of question while being shown a color spectrum of young girls. For example on question was who the pretty girl is? And of course she pointed to the young girl with the fairest skin. [1]
Slavery and colorism are directly connected. It all began with the separation of slaves based on their skin color. Often the lighter slaves were chosen to work in the house. Those who worked in the house often worked closely with the masters’ family. Because of this so called special treatment that the house Negro received they began to think they were better than those who did manual labor such as working in the fields who became known as the field negro. Not only did house Negroes begin to think that they were better but the field negroe began to produce a hatred for them. Though causing this gap was not the masters’ intentions this became an advantage. This wedge between the two categories of slaves causes what is known today as colorism.
Colorism met its peak during the civil rights movement in the 1900’s. This was a time where many African-Americans were fighting a “war” for equality. African-Americans were now free from slavery but in a sense were still a slave to society. They did not receive nearly as many rights as white Americans. Voting was against the law and education was nowhere near equal. African-Americans always received the shorter end of the stick. As if that was not bad enough they had to face prejudice and discrimination from those within their own race. “The modern civil rights movement broke from the protest traditionof the past in at least two crucial ways. One it was the first time that large masses of blacks directly confronted and effectively disrupted the normal functioning of groups and institutions though to be responsible for their oppression.” [2] Colorism is simply a form of racism and African-Americans will remained opressed unless they find a way to overcome.
During the civil rights movement some began to lose sight of what the fight was about. The civil rights movement was about fighting for equallity for the whole black nation but yet this wedge between fairer skinned African-Americans and dark-skinned began to grow. You began to see things come in to play such as the brown paper bag test, the blue vein society, and many other things that would satisfy the opressor. The brown paper bag test was a test that would determine your entry to certain places and socities if you were Africn-American. If your skin was darker than the brown paper bag then you were denied entry. The blue vein society was a society that consisted of fair skin African-Americans, this was because in order to be a member the veins on the under part of your arm had to be visible. There were also many more test that were implecated within the civil rightd movement which kept African-Americans seperarted for instnce there were test to determine the thickness of hair and facial features.
In addition to this there were many movements that were used to inflict self love against the African culture. “I’m black and i’m proud” was just one of many sayings during the movement but yet this wasn’t enough to bridge the gap. Many children also sang a nursery rhyme that went like “If you’re black, stay back; if you’re brown, stick around; if you’re yellow, you’re mellow; if you’re white, you’re all right”.
In today’s society colorism is very real. It is the cause of low self-esteem, discrimination, and the lost of ones self. Colorism in the African-American community is most common among black woman. They are introduced to discrimination at such a young age that they become to accept it s a norm. They see it in the media, in movies, and in their everydaylife. Youn black woman are constantly bombarded with images of what they are “supposed” to look like, or as some would call it the ideal woman.
When you look at the television and observe certain advertisements the actors or actresses are made to appear lighter than what they actually are. There haave been uproars about the entertainer Beyonce’ Knowles skin pigment due to a advertisement that she did with L’oreal Paris where her skin appeared lighter than normal. Also there have been speculations that she even bleaches her skin as a way to make her less black. [3] If true this would not be the first time that an entertainer bleached their skin. Many know the ing of pop singer Micheal Jackson went through a series of procedure where as the end result he resembled a caucasian as opposed to someone of African descent. He bleaced his skin, straightened his hair, and even had a nose job.
Many African-Americans will go to great depths to be accepted in society. In todays’s society being yourself is not enough. You have to not only behave like the opressor but resemble them also. According to societyyou must have fair skin, light eyes, straight nose, long staight hair, and small lips. Anything that resembles that of an African is wrong. Even after the Black Conscienous movemet the same problems African-Amercans were faced with in the late 1900’s are still very much alive today.
Slavery is the root of many of the stereotypes related to colorism amongst the African-American culture. A few stereotypes are that light-skinned people are smart, proper, beautiful, wealthier, and that darker skinned people are ghetto, disrespectful, illiterate, ugly, and poor. This was also true during the civil rights era most elite African-Americans were of a fairer complexion. These few stereotypes create a seperation between the two groups. Being light-skinned you are often hated by thouse of darker skin because they percieve you as being conceited and thinkingthat you are better. Also being light-skinned you get called said names such as redbone which can be quite offensive and the opposite for darker skin tones.
Colorism is a problem that was began over one hundred years ago and is still haunting the African-American society. When will this epidemic ever go away? When the oppressor changes so will the ideal American. America has always been about whose the most powerful.
[1] Duke, Bill, “Dark Girls Documentary Trailer,” March 26, 2011, compact disc, http://www.blogtalkra
[2] Aldon Morris, Colorism, Complexion Homogamy, and Household Wealth: Some Historical Evidence, (New York: The Free Press, 1986)http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=7vyHY9DWcu8C&oi=fnd&pg=PR5&dq=civil rights movement&ots=NPuA6pyI8X&sig=K6yX0_ZavhK91tIYaRAyosv_wKQ
[3] Alexis Stodghill, “Beyoncé L’Oreal ad controversy inspires black community backlash,” The Grio(blog), February 10, 2012, http://www.thegrio.com/specials/life-and-style/beyonce-describes-herself-as-african-american-native-american-french-in-new-loreal-ad.php.
Duke, Bill. “Dark Girls Documentary Trailer.” Posted March 26, 2011. compact disc, http://www.blogtalkradio.com/thesavvysista/2011/02/13/remnants-of-slavery-the-one-drop-rule-colorism-and-good-hair-debate.
Morris, Aldon. Colorism, Complexion Homogamy, and Household Wealth: Some Historical Evidence. New York: The Free Press, 1986.
Stodghill, Alexis. “Beyoncé L’Oreal ad controversy inspires black community backlash.” (online forum message).The Grio. February 10, 2012. http://www.thegrio.com/specials/life-and-style/beyonce-describes-herself-as-african-american-native-american-french-in-new-loreal-ad.php (accessed April 2, 2012).
Hochschild, Jennifer and Vesla Weaver. “The Skin Color Paradox and the American Racial Order.” Social Forces 86, no. 2 (2007): 643-670.             http://www.jstor.org/stable/20430757.
Boddy-Evans, Alistair. “The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade A review of the triangular trade with reference to maps and statistics..” African History (blog), The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade A review of the triangular trade with reference to maps and statistics. (accessed April 9, 2012).
Maxwell, Bill. “The Paper Bag Test.” St. Petersburg Times, August 31, 2003. http://www.sptimes.com/2003/08/31/Columns/The_paper_bag_test.shtml (accessed April 2, 2012).
Nittle, Nadra. “What is Colorism?.” Race Relations (blog), http://racerelations.about.com/od/understandingrac1/a/What-Is-Colorism.htm (accessed April 3, 2012).
Bodenhorn, Howard. “Colorism, Complexion Homogamy, and Household Wealth: Some Historical Evidence.”American Economic Association. : 256-260. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/30034653?uid=3739616&uid=2134&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=47698960433107 (accessed April 2, 2012).

http://www.blogtalkradio.com/thesavvysista/2011/02/13/remnants-of-slavery-the-one-drop-rule-colorism-and-good-hair-debate

History Proposal

3 May

I plan to research the history of colorism. I will do this by looking at various events throughout history to see what may have been a cause or contributing factor to prejudice within one’s own ethnic group. I will mainly be focusing on colorism within the African-American community. Slavery would be one of the big contributing factors that I will research particularly the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. I will also key in on many things within the African-American community that stems from colorism. For example i will research certain stereotypes. Many of the stereotypes among African-Americans were discovered during the civil rights movement. Though this was not the root of the stereotypes but this was where they became popular. Many sororities and societies that were created by African-Americans for African-Americans used said stereotypes. In order to do such research I will use various articles, speeches, and books.

Civil Rights Movement Vs. Apartheid

3 May

When you look at the American Civil Rights Movement many African-Americans sacrificed their lives for something that we American’s call equality. But really, what is equality? Supposedly equality is fairness, the same, no difference. But can there really be a society with no difference? During the civil rights movements African-Americans had little to no rights they were barely even looked at as human beings let alone equal to those of European descent.

During this time African-Americans had the some of the same things but they weren’t truly the same. These things were often of poor quality or did not work. In addition to these things were kept separate. Coloreds had to drink from separate fountains, eat in difference restaurants, and went to different schools. With schools the quality of education was the lowest of the low. When compared to whites the difference in the quality of education did not compare.

Around the same time in South African the native people were suffering from similar problems. They faced horrible living conditions and were not treated as people. In order to walk the streets without being arrested if they did not carry a pass card. On this pass card were their names and place of employment. They also were forced to move out of their homes by the government. The government areas act was a law where they were forced to relocate into districts according to your race. Over 60,000 people were forced to move out this became known as “the triumph”, which was quite ironic.

When moved to these districts it was if the citizens were stripped of all their rights. They were not allowed to vote unless it was voting within the homelands and miscegenation becomes illegal. They were basically completely shut out from society. During this time your race decided everything due to the Bantu education act and Bantu authorities act.

In a way both the american civil rights movement and the apartheid in South Africa are closely related, in a way they are the same. Human beings stripped of their rights because of their race. Why should the inevitable decide your fate. No one has control over what race or ethnic group that they are born into.

My Stance On Imperialism

3 May

I feel as though imperialism is one of the most ridiculous things created by man. In my opinion imperialism is just one of the many forms of slavery. A bigger country comes and takes over a smaller country. I’m quite sure no one wants another person coming in and taking over their things without permission, imperialism is that exact same thing.  In accordance to this there is something called “America’s Big Stick”, where Europeans stayed out of the western hemisphere but also made sure that America stayed secure economically and that their armies were also secure. I felt that this was unfair. America could act as the “big man on campus” but was not able to receive what they dished out. In my opinion America was power hungry and wanted to control everything. Imperialism should have never been implemented.